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What does IASTM do?

Therapeutic Goals & Scope of IASTM

The rationale for IASTM and how it is applied depends on the underlying pathology, anatomic structures, and tissues being treated.
what does iastm do


The clinician must consider the associated diagnosis, stage of tissue healing and repair, and overall patient condition when using the technique.

For example, IASTM may be used:
to augment cross-fiber massage by working perpendicular to the tissue structures,
or it may be used to work against the barrier to mobilize the myofascia.

Degenerative conditions

For degenerative conditions. such as tendinosis, it is hypothesized that IASTM re-initiates the inflammatory process by introducing a small amount of trauma to the affected area. Re-inflammation triggers the healing cascade by enhancing the proliferative invasion of blood, nutrients, and fibroblasts to the region, which results in collagen deposition and maturation.

Other conditions

In other conditions, IASTM may be used to facilitate relaxation, enhance edema resorption, or desensitize trigger points via neurovascular responses to cutaneous stimulation.

Elements of IASTM



The basic components of IASTM may include the following elements in sequential order:
  • examination;
  • cardiovascular warm-up;
  • IASTM per se;
  • targeted stretching exercises;
  • targeted strengthening exercise (high-repetition, low-load);
  • cryotherapy.
The clinician may decide to alter the IASTM protocol by using heat versus ice, or by introducing other modalities. However, targeted stretching and strengthening exercises must be prescribed to promote tissue lengthening, extensibility, and proper fiber realignment. The specific treatment parameters for the application of IASTM instruments vary for individual patients, different tissue types, and structures or conditions based on the goals of treatment.

IASTM therapeutic goals


Several therapeutic goals are achieved with IASTM in terms of improving the condition of the soft tissue:
  • decreased pain;
  • improved function;
  • decreased edema;
  • increased range of motion;
  • improved myofascial mobility;
  • increased strength.
With IASTM patients achieve higher rates of recovery, independence, and return to full function; clinicians experience increased numbers of patient referrals, decreased fatigue, reduced treatment times, and joint protection.
how iastm works 8651630596968040391

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